7Ps in Marketing Mix – What are They? (Explained)

 The 7Ps of Marketing Mix refer to the various elements that go into creating a successful campaign. Some of these elements include price, packaging, branding, product placement, and digital placement.

In this article we have explained the 7P’s in the marketing mix as well as show you why and how they are so important to be implemented in your business.

If you’re unsure of which elements to use and how to implement them for your startup, contact an experienced digital marketing agency, such as us, at WinSavvy. We’ll show you exactly how we shall implement the 7Ps for your startup and industry.

What are the 7Ps in Marketing Mix?

Marketing is the process of placing the right product or service in front of the right people at the right time. It involves all aspects of the business cycle, including product creation, distribution strategies, and sales. It also involves understanding customer needs and creating campaigns that communicate those needs. The 7Ps of marketing can be applied to many different types of business.

In today’s increasingly digital world, brand image has never been more important.

Consumers expect authenticity, and brands are scrutinised for their ethical practices. That means that PR is a vital tool in creating, maintaining, and changing a brand’s image.

Moreover, as technology advances, the workload of marketing professionals is increasing. To cope with this, marketers should automate processes.

Marketing begins with choosing the right channels for discovery, followed by nurturing the prospective customer along the sales funnel. To achieve this, a brand must hire the right talent. For example, sales representatives handle the first human-to-human interactions with customers.

And, in all that chaos, the 7Ps in marketing provide for a framework to streamline any marketing campaigns used by startups. The 7Ps are product, price, place, promotion, people, process and physical evidence.

As the Co-founder and Creative Director of Amarra, I intertwine the Marketing 7Ps into our broader strategy for our high-end formal attire brand. It’s not laborious, but an essential aspect of our business for successful marketing.

Firstly, Product is always at our core. We handcraft exclusive attire for special occasions, keeping a keen eye on design, textures, and patterns. By focusing on Price, we balance affordability with high-quality craftsmanship, ensuring customers see the value in what they buy.

In terms of Place, we’ve expanded our distribution network to over 850 international stores. Promotion is managed primarily through our digital platforms, ensuring constant communication with our audience.

For the People aspect, we focus on maintaining a team that shares our vision and commitment to excellence. Process involves streamlining our operations for efficiency, from design to delivery.

Lastly, the Physical environment finds its place in the stores we partner with, ensuring they reflect our brand’s ethos. Tracking our results, we’ve seen promising growth with increased global brand recognition and steady sales.

Our online engagement rates have gone up, the employee satisfaction score is EXEMPLARY, and expansion into new markets is showing positive projections. So, it’s safe to say that the strategy has been fruitful for Amarra.

Abhi Madan, Co-Founder & Creative Director of Amarra

1st of 7P’s in Marketing Mix – Product

The first of seven P’s of marketing, the Product, is critical to a successful marketing campaign. Product marketing is closely related to the brand story and should focus on benefits and USPs that target customers will find useful.

Product marketing should also focus on differentiating versions and variants. A product can be the most complex aspect of a marketing campaign, but there are a few guidelines that can help a business succeed.

Today, consumers want authentic experiences and are more demanding of brands. This means that brand image is more fragile than ever. This makes PR a key tool in building, maintaining, and changing a brand’s image. As technology advances, the role of PR is increasing, and automation is crucial to the process.

However, if your product is bad, no amount of PR or promotion (the 4th P) can fix it. There’s that old saying – build a good product and people will come. Maybe that’s not all that true, as you definitely need to promote your product or service.

However, build a bad product and no customer is going to come.

How to Make an Amazing Product

The best way to go forward when creating a product or service is to use the lean startup methodology, that is –

  1. Do a thorough market research. You can hire a market research analyst like us, at WinSavvy or you can use these market research tools that can help you do it yourself.
  2. Create a proof of concept and test it,
  3. Create a Minimum Viable Product and test it, (Read: What is a Minimum Viable Product?)
  4. Create a Prototype and test it among your intended customers,
  5. Fine-tune your prototype into a prototype, while avoiding these design thinking mistakes.

As the Founder and CEO at Digital Silk, a leading digital agency, my team and I indeed incorporate the 7Ps of marketing into our strategy.

Their comprehensive approach ensures that we leave no stone unturned. Product, price, promotion, place, people, process, and physical evidence – they all form a roadmap to guide our efforts comprehensively.

For instance, we treat ‘Product’ as the digital experiences we offer – these are not tangible but are designed to meet and exceed our clients’ needs. ‘Price’ is always customized to ensure maximum value against investment for every client.

Our ‘Promotion’ involves high-profile clients like NASA and the IMF, earned through our commitment to quality. ‘Place’ in the context of a digital agency, is every touchpoint online where we interact with leads and clients.

Recognizing ‘People’ as an essential element, we have built a team with diverse skill sets, which enable us to handle varied projects with excellence. The ‘Process’ at Digital Silk is firmly guided by a hands-on approach and adherence to excellence, ensuring client satisfaction.

We employ continuous tracking and optimization measures for better ‘Performance’. Regarding ‘Physical evidence’, in a digitally-centered business like ours, it’s reflected in semantics and visual elements on our website that present a coherent brand image.

This strategy and its systematic implementation have directly impacted our growth and the success of our clients. For instance, through this holistic approach, we’ve achieved an average client retention rate of 92% and seen a consistent 15% YoY growth in our business.

Gabriel Shaoolian, Founder and CEO at Digital Silk
Yulia Saf,

As a seasoned traveler and successful entrepreneur who runs Miss Tourist, a travel resource website drawing 400k visitors each month, I’ve effectively incorporated the Marketing 7Ps in our strategy.

Our product, unlike physical commodities, is the vast knowledge and travel advice we offer. Place involves our strategic digital presence, mainly through our website and social media.

Price is reflected not in direct charging, but in strategic advertising and partnerships. Promotion methods are varied, including SEO, collaborations, viral content, and more. People focuses on our multi-cultural remote team, each contributing a unique perspective.

Our processes are streamlined – from content creation, editing, SEO optimizing, to engagement tracking, it’s all meticulously planned. Lastly, physical evidence is evident in the positive responses, testimonials, and successful travels our audience has had following our advice.

According to data analytics, our strategic use of the Marketing 7Ps has contributed to a consistent 15% increase in annual traffic, affirming its importance in our business promotion. It’s not laborious, but a fundamental pillar that shapes our branding and growth strategies.

Yulia SafMiss Tourist.

2nd of 7P’s in Marketing Mix – Price

Price is a crucial element in marketing and can make or break the success of a product. Price is based on perceived value and is important for both consumer and business decisions.

How to Set the Right Price for Acing the Second P of the 7Ps in Marketing

While product pricing seems logical, it is a complex process. However, if you are a startup, make sure you are never competing on price. It is a sure-loss formula that will sabotage your startup. Instead, what you should do, is focus on creating as much value as possible, differentiate yourself, using a definitive marketing strategy and charge a premium for your product or service.

Remember: Never compete on price. Otherwise, you create a very easy ground for a larger competitor or upcoming competitor (potential competitors can be analyzed using the Porter’s Five Forces Model or PESTLE analysis of your business plan.)

3rd of 7P’s in Marketing Mix – Place

The 3rd of the 7P’s of marketing focuses on place. This is the physical or digital location of the product or service, the way it is delivered to its intended market, and how it is promoted.

There are several ways to distribute products and services, from physical stores to websites and television shows.

Framework for Getting the Best Place in Front of Your Customers

A simple framework for acing the place segment in your marketing mix is by ensuring you follow the 3P rules of marketing, which are –

  1. People,
  2. Personalization, and
  3. Permission

Gone are the days, when you bombard your product in front of every random person under the son. Now, you have to make use of data and data analytic tools to make sure your product reaches the right person at the right time. There are several CRO software that can help you do just that.

A great way to do this, is by using permission marketing coupled with content amplification to generate leads. That helps you combine the best parts of traditional product/ service placement along with the new-age digital permission marketing.

4th of 7P’s in Marketing Mix – Promotion

While the other P’s may be more traditional and passive, promotion allows for more creativity in marketing. Promotion involves communicating directly to potential customers.

Public relations, advertising, digital marketing and social media marketing are all examples of promotion. In order to get the most out of promotion, it is important to understand brand identity and differentiation.

You can try to achieve that by getting prominent media mentions (use HARO!) or hire an SEO agency to help grow your online reputation.

Promotion involves all marketing, advertising, and sales activities. The choice of marketing channels depends on the type of business. For example, a B2B company may prefer account-based marketing to get leads, while a B2C company may focus on direct marketing.

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However, no matter the type of business, marketers need to be present where their target audiences are.

The concept of the marketing mix has evolved over time. Originally, the 4Ps model focused only on products and services. Later, the 3Ps were added to the mix, resulting in the 7Ps. While the 4Ps model was widely used in the business world, it is now outdated, particularly for small enterprises selling standard products.

While the 4Ps model is useful in many cases, it is not ideal for internationalization. A more useful approach would be the 7Ps model.

The 4P’s of marketing are still very relevant in today’s world, and they should be part of a marketing plan. It’s critical for a business to think about what consumers want, provide it at a fair price, and distribute it in an accessible location.

The principles of marketing have not changed since the 4P’s were first put forth, but new forms of marketing have been introduced.

5th of 7P’s of Marketing – People

Marketing is a process of connecting with people and getting them to take an action.

By connecting with people, companies can create brand loyalty and promote ethical business practices. In today’s age of information and technology, consumers are demanding more from brands and are more aware of their ethical practices.

As such, brand image is more fragile than ever.

How to Connect with People as Part of the 7Ps in Your Marketing Campaign

This makes PR an invaluable tool for building, maintaining and changing brand image. Marketing has also evolved from a traditional approach to digital channels, requiring the integration of automation and technology.

Traditional marketing concepts focus on physical evidence, product, price and process, but there are differences between products and services.

While a product is sold to a customer, a service is an intangible and must be tested by the customer before they choose it. In addition, the service must be customized to the needs of the customer.

People are the most important component of marketing. Consumers will choose a brand based on how they feel about it. In other words, they want to be confident about the company they’re dealing with. Therefore, the physical evidence of a brand must fit with the brand story and values.

This is also a place where most marketers may make mistakes. This is a place where marketing myopia often sets in.

Also customer service is a make or break factor, when it comes to the 5th P in the Marketing Mix. That’s why always try to ensure your customers get exceptional customer service. That creates strong word-of-mouth branding and helps improve your inbound marketing results.

Pavel Naydenov

No doubt, the Marketing 7Ps stand as the backbone of my marketing strategy. I don’t see them as laborious, but rather as an indispensable tool for planning comprehensive and effective campaigns.

To illustrate, one, at Businessmap, we strongly believe ‘People’ are our most important asset – our team’s talent and resilience truly set us apart and help us resonate with our audience.

Two, with regard to ‘Place’, given that we’re a digital company, we optimize our virtual presence (website, social media, etc.) to be easily accessible and user-friendly for our clients globally.

Three is ‘Price’. We ensure that our pricing strategy dovetails with the value we offer, balancing affordability and high-quality service. Monitoring and tracking results is crucial – we use a set of analytical tools, like Google Analytics and SEMrush, to measure our progress.

For instance, following these strategies, we’ve achieved a 40% increase in web traffic and a 25% improvement in conversion rates over the last year. Pivoting based on the data, we ensure our strategies are continually sharpened and effective.

Pavel Naydenov, Head оf Marketing at Businessmap

6th of 7P’s of Marketing Mix – Process

The process is the sixth part of the seven Ps of marketing. It’s the part of marketing that no one ever talks about, but it’s probably the most important. It is heavily inter-related with all the 7 functions of marketing.

Process also involves the way a product is manufactured and sold. Streamlining the production and selling process can lead to more product sales.

However, the process must also align with the brand’s values. For example, an ethical clothing brand may use sustainable and environmentally friendly methods for their production.

In order to be successful in any business, you must have a plan for how you’re going to get your product or service into the hands of your customers.

The process is the key to success because it allows you to:

  • Understand what needs to be done.
  • Decide how you’re going to do it.
  • Set goals and benchmarks for measuring progress towards those goals.
  • Communicate with stakeholders (the people affected by your decisions).

As a result, it is heavily connected with the business strategy of your startup.

The process needs to be simple enough that anyone can follow it, but also detailed enough that you can track each step along the way and make adjustments as necessary.

7th of 7P’s of Marketing – Physical evidence

One of the most important aspects of customer satisfaction is the physical evidence that a customer has experienced a service or product.

This can be both physical and digital, and can confirm that a customer has received a positive experience with a company. It can also be in the form of reviews, which can be used to build trust in a brand.

Physical evidence is important because it gives customers peace of mind about the purchase they’ll make. . This can be particularly useful for new customers who are paying before receiving the service.

This can be in the form of a product’s packaging, receipts, or contact experience. This evidence can even be in the form of a website, staff uniforms, menus, and online reviews. It can also be included in an agency’s website, such as case studies and testimonials.

Secondly, it’s important to consider the perception that customers have about the product in the marketplace. A consistent branding campaign can help consumers form a good opinion about a product. For example, when most people think about fast food, they often picture McDonald’s.

That’s because McDonald’s has been extremely successful in using physical evidence as part of their marketing mix strategy, which has resulted in making their brand extremely strong.

The reason why the 7Ps marketing model is important is that it gives a foundation for creating useful promotional plans, establishing strong customer relations, driving business growth and gaining competitive advantage in the market.

The pillars of the 7Ps model – Product, Price, Promotion, Place, People, Process and Physical Evidence are key constituents that offer a holistic framework for marketing teams to deliver value to customers and set the stage for unmatched brands.

Moreover, this model underscores the need for businesses to understand and meet the wants as well as preferences of their clients.

By taking into account people and physical evidence, enterprises may customize their marketing strategies so as to increase consumer satisfaction levels while fostering loyalty which will result into repeat purchases.

Over time this concept has been employed in traditional marketing strategies but has equally found its way into contemporary digital platforms through integration.

When alluded to across all these touch points it greatly improves on reaching out more clients while at the same making campaigns adaptable based on real time information collected from different sources.

For instance, under the Promotion element, social media ads targeting specific audience segments can be coupled with email automation or personalized content delivery.

In this case marketers can collect instant analytics about how well their campaigns are performing from various online sources such as blogs or forums hence enabling them track campaign performance in order to adjust messages and optimize targeting thereby achieving higher engagement rates leading conversion rates.

When it comes to the People element, AI driven chatbots could be employed for immediate customer service responses based on user behavior during web browsing sessions.

Consequently, businesses will have access to instant insights into what customers think about particular products through sentiment analysis carried out over digital channels thereby enabling companies tailor make offerings meet client needs better while improving service quality which drives loyalty even further.

Michael Kiel, Founder of Boat Planet
Oleg Segal

Yes, at DealA, we integrate the 7P’s into our marketing strategy as an integral component to streamline our business and deliver value to customers.

1. ‘Product’: Our ‘product’ is a user-friendly platform offering genuine promotional codes from over 30,000 brands.

2. ‘Price’: Our ‘price’ is the savings users unlock via our platform, carefully calibrated to ensure they get the best deals.

3. ‘Place’: We have optimized our ‘place’ to be accessible online, thereby reaching a global, digital-savvy audience.

4. ‘Promotion’: Our ‘promotion’ involves strategic advertising, SEO-optimized content, social media, and email campaigns underscored by user behavioral data.

5. ‘People’: Our ‘people’ are at the center of our strategy. We invest in capable talents who incorporate customer insight into each marketing initiative.

6. ‘Process’: Our ‘process’ is technology-driven, focusing on web development, AI and data analytics to streamline user interaction and automate marketing tasks.

7. ‘Physical Evidence’: Our ‘physical evidence’ is the testimonials and reviews from satisfied customers, which serve as social proof of our service quality.

We track results using KPIs like website traffic, conversion rate, customer retention, and savings unlocked by users. Over the past year alone, we’ve seen a 35% increase in conversion rates and a 50% increase in customer retention, reinforcing the efficacy of integrating the 7Ps into our strategy.

Oleg Segal, Founder and CEO of DealA.com

In running Or & Zon, the Marketing 7Ps play a decisive role in our strategic framework and are indeed far from being laborious.

Rather, I find them to be extremely crucial in marketing a niche, artisanal business like ours.

Let’s take ‘Product’ for instance. My team and I ensure that every item we offer is handcrafted, unique and has a story. This is a clear reflection of the craftsmanship so diligently preserved by the artisans we work with globally.

Turning to ‘Price’, we prioritize transparency, valuing the time, effort, and skill set invested by each artisan, which reflects in our pricing.

With ‘Place’, we’ve leveraged technology and our expertise in e-commerce to make these products accessible around the globe.

Our ‘Promotions’ revolve around storytelling and celebrating every individual craft, aimed at inspiring a deep connection with our clientele.

‘People’, ‘Process’, and ‘Physical Evidence’, are predominantly about creating superior customer experiences.

For instance, every step of the shopping process on our Shopify platform is made to be simple, smooth and secure. Lastly, ‘Physical Evidence’ comes to life through meticulously crafted packaging that heightens the unboxing experience.

As far as tracking results, our key tracking metrics encompass sales performance, customer satisfaction scores and retention rates. Over time, implementing the 7Ps has resulted in increased repeat purchases and a 25% year-on-year growth for Or & Zon.

Guillaume Drew, Founder & CEO of Or & Zon

Wrapping Up on the 7P’s of Marketing Mix

The 7Ps marketing mix can be applied to a variety of channels, including online and multichannel businesses.

The 7Ps in marketing mix is one of the most reliable ways to help a business reach its intended market. The trick to using it effectively, though, is to make sure people notice you. Otherwise, your product will just mix in with the crowd and get lost among the other options that are readily available.

So, if you need help in implementing this core marketing concept for your brand / startup, let us know at adhip@winsavvy.com!

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author avatar
Adhip Ray
Adhip Ray is the founder of WinSavvy. He has a legal, finance and data analytics background and has provided marketing consultancy to startups for over 5 years. He has been featured at multiple publications in multiple niches including HubSpot, Addicted2Success, Manta, FitSmallBusiness, Databox, IndiaCorpLaw, Bar and Bench and more!

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